From Open Banking to Open Data: Powering the Future
We are still in the early days of open banking adoption in MENA with several countries introducing regulation and more preparing to follow. The doors ...
4 min. read
31 Jan 2023
We are still in the early days of open banking adoption in MENA with several countries introducing regulation and more preparing to follow. The doors to the data vaults are opening, representing a considerable reduction in barriers to market entry for third parties. The ability to aggregate, extract and analyse a wealth of data by a range of actors will lead to innovation and service enhancement and transform the traditional banking model in ways we cannot yet imagine.
Even though open banking is still in it’s infancy,we already see a natural progression from open banking to open finance, which should eventually lead to open data. As internet connectivity strengthens and spreads, the cost of doing business is expected to fall. We will see the rise of so many new initiatives and enterprises, ambitious for change and the levelling of the competitive landscape.
Imagine the potential to innovate and create solutions that respond with efficiency and speed to seemingly impenetrable social and human challenges. It is an exciting time, and the journey from open banking to open finance and, eventually, open data will provide many opportunities and meet needs we didn’t know we had.
How do businesses start preparing for this future? What’s next?
First, let’s clarify each concept.
What’s the difference between open banking, open finance, and open data?
The regulation behind open banking is designed to simplify banking for consumers and increase their options.Open bankingalso allows the sharing of regulated banking data with fintechs and other third-party service providers through an application programming interface (API), an encrypted code that serves as a connecting bridge between two software programs. This enables non-financial organisations to partner with banks to provide an enhanced customer experience, reduce friction and empower decision-making using insights from a wealth of banking data. Consumers can also share and access their data securely through these encrypted codes, allowing them to navigate their financial information like never before. While banks will continue to store and manage customer data, it is the consumer who is in control of that data and who can access it.
Benefits of open banking for consumers include:
Enhanced, simplified financial management
Faster onboarding across accounts due to shared bank account and transaction data
Higher security, quicker payments and transactions
Faster and broader access to financing and credit
Improved, personalised customer service
Access to clear, comprehensive financial information that supports decision making
Access to data and automated technology also provides benefits for banks, fintechs and other third-party providers, such as:
Increased understanding of the market and consumer preferences
Deeper relationships with customers and enhanced customer service
Development of new income streams
Enhanced product offerings
Open finance differs from open banking because it goes beyond bank data to include other financial data. It enables the sharing of financial data from banking and non-banking sources, including current accounts, savings accounts, mortgages, pensions, insurance, and utility bills
Open finance expands on the benefits of open banking by providing for increased competition in financial services and boosting customer service and solutions for various needs. It offers incredible potential to change the financial services environment and substantially improve financial inclusion for marginalised communities.
Financial inclusivity: Globally, 1.7 billion people do not have a bank account, many of whom reside in MENA as63% of the region’s adult population is unbanked. Without banking data, they cannot access financial services that many take for granted. Traditional credit scoring methods tend to be limited in scope, for instance, so by incorporating other financial data into personal profiles, decision-makers are presented with a more nuanced and balanced view. This will help to improve access to services and, according to the UN, remove economic development barriers.
Improved services and support: By harnessing a broader range of data, financial service providers will have an increased understanding of customer preferences and can tailor advice and services to consumers needing more support than others in managing their financial responsibilities.
Greater control for consumers and business: Open finance powers improved payment integration. Accounting and lending platforms provide customers, including under-resourced small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), with increased control and oversight over cash flow. SMEs will have increased clarity of information, which should improve access to credit. Consumers will be empowered by increased financial transparency, aiding financial decision-making and boosting financial well-being.
Open data includes all other relevant data sourcessuch as email, social media, health and travel logistics, in addition to everything we’ve just mentioned earlier. It also refers to the ability to combine financial data with non-financial data, for example, government, healthcare, and retail, to produce innovative and streamlined services. Mortgage providers, for example, can access non-financial data using automated tools that provide calculated, detailed risk reports in seconds. This increases the probability of a successful mortgage application for people who have traditionally struggled to access these services, with answers given almost immediately.
Access to data that is then mined with sophisticated, automated tools will unearth a wealth of intelligence that can be used to improve services and solutions everywhere.
Enhanced market intelligence
Improved, agile supply chain management
Streamlined company operations
To summarise, open banking focuses on payment accounts and transactions, open finance goes beyond payment accounts to focus on financial services beyond banking, and open data will impact the service provision ecosystem.
The future of services and solutions
Even if you’ve never bought a house, everyone knows that the process is emotionally charged and stressful, filled with financial, legal and logistical challenges. House buyers negotiate with many officials and representatives including estate agents, mortgage lenders, utility providers, telecommunications companies, and more. All these interactions require the same verified information in different formats, which can be challenging to gather.
What if we could simplify the process through one point of contact? Access to banking and financial data allows an entrepreneurial fintech to gain an understanding of pain points, risks and duplicated processes, which helps to design a service that substantially streamlines and enhances the customer experience. A licenced third party, an estate agency, for example, collaborating with or acquiring links in the house-buying process, can use data to offer a package deal that reduces cost, time, and stress for the consumer.The use of open finance and open data will provide insights that help redesign and optimise the customer journey. Imagine instant credit approval and responses from key agencies involved in the move without having to contact each separately? Data can even pick the best time to navigate traffic on moving day with a full furniture truck.
With approximately 2.5 quintillion bytes of data created daily, the potential is significant, and open banking is just the beginning.Access to data will allow businesses, banks and third parties to innovate on a massive scale, creating value in ways we cannot yet imagine, and help unlock open data economies that offer endless benefits.
If ever there was a compelling argument for the incredible power of data to transform, it is the impact of open banking on the banking sector. This transformation can act as an incredible template and catalyst for the creation of open data economies. Open banking is the starting point to an open, data-driven future.
It’s an open journey and open banking is where it starts
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